Mold Temperature Control for TXM

By: 
November 16, 2000

Most
TXM molders know that one of the trickier aspects of the process
is controlling mold temperature. Because magnesium is processed
in a semisolid state, if temperature is not carefully controlled
it can prematurely solidify and hamper the moldfilling process.

Tooling must be maintained at consistent temperatures to enhance
the flow of magnesium and reduce thermal shock, which helps to
extend the life of the tool. TXM molder Phillips Magnesium Injection
Molding, located in Menomonie, WI, has found some success in this
effort with the use of a new heat transfer fluid.

The product, dubbed OR oxidation-resistant heat transfer fluid,
is manufactured by Paratherm (Conshohocken, PA) and has been used
by Phillips for more than six months. The Phillips Magnesium facility
uses four TXM production cells in two shifts to manufacture parts
made of AZ-91-D, AM-50, and AM-60 magnesium alloys. The molds
in these presses employ heat transfer fluid to heat and cool the
tool for molding.

Six months ago, Phillips Magnesium switched to Paratherm OR
heat transfer fluid from a polyalkylene glycol fluid in pursuit
of product uniformity. In the TXM process, a temperature control
unit heats or cools the Paratherm OR fluid, which then is pumped
through the mold to control the temperature of the tool. The fluid's
typical operating temperature in this process is 450 to 500F,
but the equipment is designed to accommodate temperatures as high
as 590F.

Paratherm's OR heat transfer fluid is said to offer consistent
temperature control, which is critical in maintaining the correct
temperature for thixotropic alloys to flow into intricate mold
cavities. Further, Paratherm's OR fluid is oxidation resistant
during the frequent tooling changes that expose heat transfer
fluids to the atmosphere. Oxidation can alter the viscosity of
the heat transfer fluid and affect its performance. Paratherm's
fluid also is reportedly safe enough to be disposed of with other
oil waste and does not pose health risks to operators.

Paratherm reports that the OR heat transfer fluid is nontoxic
and contains no chlorinated or aromatic hydrocarbons, heavy metals,
or sulfur or nitrogen compounds.





Contact information

Paratherm Corp.

Conshohocken, PA

John Fuhr

Phone: (610) 941-4900

Fax: (610) 941-9191

Web: www.paratherm.com

E-mail: j[email protected]


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