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Automotive seating, fan housings, and electrical connectors and enclosures are among the applications.

May 17, 2022

3 Min Read
plastic bottle on beach
Image courtesy of Alamy/Paolo Galasso

Sabic has debuted a polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) engineering plastic that uses ocean-bound polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles as a feed stream for chemical upcycling into resin. Ocean-bound plastic is mismanaged waste that originates within 30 miles (50 km) off the coast and is likely to end up in the ocean.

The new grade — LNP Elcrin WF0061BiQ — is the latest addition to Sabic’s portfolio of chemically upcycled LNP Elcrin iQ materials, which help support circularity while serving as potential drop-in replacements for virgin PBT resins. LNP Elcrin WF0061BiQ resin is a candidate for consumer electronics applications such as fan housings in computers and automotive seating, as well as electrical connectors and enclosures.

Materials portfolio helps customers achieve sustainability goals

“We’re continually expanding our LNP Elcrin iQ portfolio – and the PET waste streams used to produce these materials – to help divert more plastic from the oceans while helping our customers incorporate recycled materials in their products, achieve their carbon neutrality goals, and meet consumer demand for greater sustainability,” said Sanjay Mishra, GM Technology & Footprint, Specialties, Sabic. “Within the next decade, we anticipate upcycling 10 billion plastic bottles into higher-performing, durable materials that deliver enhanced value to customers. Sabic is committed to working with the plastics supply chain to find new solutions to address urgent environmental issues, such as reducing ocean-bound plastic waste and achieving net zero carbon emissions.”

The new LNP Elcrin WF0061BiQ grade, a glass-fiber-reinforced PBT material, features non-brominated, non-chlorinated flame retardancy meeting the UL94 V0 standard at 0.8 mm and F1 rating. It also delivers heat resistance, toughness, and stiffness, and high flow well-suited for molding thin-wall applications for outdoor environments such as electrical equipment enclosures.

Drop-in replacement for virgin PBT

All LNP Elcrin iQ materials can serve as possible drop-in replacements for conventional PBT to help manufacturers increase the sustainability of end products. Sabic’s proprietary upcycling technology, which involves the repolymerization of ocean-bound PET into PBT, delivers virgin-like performance properties. This process surpasses mechanical recycling in quality and consistency, according to the company.

“According to an internal life cycle analysis conducted in accordance with ISO 14040/14044 protocols, LNP Elcrin WF0061BiQ compound can offer potential reductions of up to 14% in the carbon footprint and up to 25% in cumulative energy demand, when compared to the virgin PBT compound reinforced with glass fiber,” said Darpan Parikh, Americas Customer Fulfillment Leader, Specialties, Sabic. “By replacing virgin material with our resins, customers can help reduce environmental impacts by reusing plastic waste and eliminating halogenated additives.”

Diverse formulations broaden applications

In addition to LNP Elcrin WF0061BiQ resin, the company has introduced many different and innovative grades to the LNP Elcrin iQ portfolio, including glass- and mineral-reinforced products and flame-retardant formulations. For example, Sabic’s new LNP Elcrin WF006XXPiQ and LNP Elcrin WF0061XPiQ compounds incorporate pre-consumer recycled glass fiber diverted from the waste stream of industrial processes. The use of recycled glass fiber further enhances the circularity of these upcycled PBT materials. The diversity of these formulations enables LNP Elcrin iQ resins to be considered for applications beyond electrical and electronics components, such as automotive exterior parts, healthcare applications, and personal care products.

Sabic is not only creating sustainable materials but also regularly formulating new resins and compounds using environmentally responsible and safer chemistries, such as non-brominated/non-chlorinated flame retardants. According to the GreenScreen for Safe Chemicals benchmark rating, which was created by the nonprofit organization Clean Production Action (CPA), these Sabic materials, and others in development, are, or will be, recognized with a score of 3 or higher out of 4. Benchmark 3 is a relatively better result compared to that of average products and indicates only a slight environmental concern.

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